Elections for the fourth Knesset were held in November 1959. The leader of Mapai, David Ben Gurion, enjoyed seniority after coming out of retirement at Sde Boker and neutralizing his rivals Moshe Sharett and Pinchas Lavon. From Ben Gurion's perspective, the period preceding the elections saw the echoes of the "affair" die down and the path to power seemed clear. Indeed, in 1959, David Ben Gurion had absolute control over Mapai. Nevertheless, there was internal foment in the party over the struggle between the middle generation and the young generation. Representatives of the middle generation, Golda Meir, Pinchas Sapir, Pinchas Lavon and others, were under pressure from the younger generation – Moshe Dayan, Shimon Peres, and Abba Even. Ben Gurion, who was 73 years old, directed the younger generation's campaign. Moshe Dayan and Shimon Peres, his protégés, were his agents during Moshe Sharett's term of office as prime minister. Now, on the eve of the elections, Ben Gurion had an opportunity to determine who would lead the country as his successor or, at least, which generation of leadership would lead the State of Israel in the post-Ben Gurion period, which still seemed remote.