On the left, Mapam demanded that the fighting be sustained until all the territory included in the UN resolution of November 29, 1947 had been conquered. In other words, until the IDF had conquered the territories earmarked for the Jewish state as well as those earmarked for the Arab state. Mapam believed that Israel could establish both states, one Jewish and one Arab, according to the UN resolution. Some individuals in Mapam held, in the spirit of Soviet and international socialism, that a single bi-national state should be established once the entire area had been conquered.
On the right was the Herut movement led by Menachem Begin. Herut too demanded continued fighting, but for an entirely different set of reasons. According to Herut, the entire territory of the land of Israel, including the east bank of the Jordan, should be conquered, and acceptance of the UN partition plan thus revoked. Herut wanted to establish a Jewish state on the entire historical territory and not to negotiate with Arab countries as long as their forces remained in this territory.
Ben Gurion rejected both proposals, from the left and the right, and decided to establish the state more or less within the borders established by the IDF in early 1949. Before the elections he was already engaged in negotiations with Egypt and Jordan, adopting a flexible, practical stance, with the aim of ending the war and turning his attention to the building of the young state.