Available between 1945-1947

This was a socialist-political newspaper published by the “Association of Arab Intellectuals in Palestine.” The paper’s slogan, describing its objectives and aims, appeared on the cover of the first issue (6 July 1945): “The Mission of Conscious Nationalism and Free Culture.” The opening article presents the ideas underlying the newspaper’s publication. Notable among these ideas is the aim to learn from the lessons of the past and work toward the establishment of a national movement based on a free, open, creative and cultural atmosphere; and a nationalism called “Constructive Nationalism” (al-mulkiyya al-insha’iyya). This nationalism is not based on fanaticism with regard to ethnicity, race or religion, but cooperates with other nations in order to establish a ‘healthy and pleasant” reality, where every human being can grow and create in freedom, including a free-market economy in the shadow of a liberal-democratic regime. In fact, this article constituted a manifesto for the establishment of a positive “national consciousness,” which the newspaper’s editors hoped would help to overcome the destructive situation into which Palestinian society had been drawn as a result of the political crises it was facing.

A review of the articles that appeared in the first edition is indicative of the values that were at the base of this newspaper for the three years of its publication.

The title of the first article, written by the famed Lebanese author and journalist Raif Khouri (1913-1967), perfectly expresses the newspaper’s objectives: “The Palestinian Question and the New Situation: A call to unity on the path to national governance.” The next article by Dr. Khalil al-Budayri, “Treatise on Medicine and Medical Doctors”, stresses the fact that a healthy society is based on a healthy human being and that the human being, as opposed to other animals, is characterized by the fact that he has a mission to carry out. The third article, by author and journalist Emil Habibi discusses how “Imperialism Dominates in New Ways.” Another article, by an anonymous female writer (Mrs. R. B.) points to the problem of Arab society’s attitude toward women in general and the need for the integration of women into society, in the hope that this will lead to a healthier society. The issue also published an article on political economics in which author Sami Habibi outlined the ways to establish a positive national economy that is open to other national markets. The issue also devoted several pages to literature, poetry and culture, including a review of works by some\ several Western writers. It is important to note that this issue also included a letter to Arab youth. 

A majority of the authors were very close to the Arab socialist camp in the country, and some of them were even members of socialist organizations that strongly opposed Zionist ideology and the “un-democratic capitalist” Mandatory regime. It is clear from additional issues of the newspaper that the topic of the nature of political regimes preoccupied the journal’s editors who continued to stress the importance of one that is democratic and cultured.

It is not clear when exactly the newspaper stopped being published but it is likely that it was during the year 1948.