Sammy Smooha is professor emeritus of sociology at the University of Haifa. He previously served as the dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and was president of the Israeli Sociological Society. He has held numerous visiting appointments at universities and research institutes, and in 2008 was awarded the Israel Prize for Sociology.
A specialist in comparative ethnic relations, Smooha has published widely on internal divisions in Israeli society, on Israel from a comparative perspective, and on Arab-Jewish relations in Israel. He developed the model of ethnic democracy and applied it, along with other scholars, to Israel and other countries. Since 2003 he has been conducting the annual Index of Arab-Jewish Relations in Israel.