Margalit Finkelberg is a professor of classics at Tel Aviv University and a member of the Israeli Academy of Sciences and Humanities. She is the President of the Israeli Society for the Promotion of Classical Studies. She has held various visiting appointments at the universities of Oxford, Princeton and British Columbia.
She is the recipient of the Rothschild Prize in the Humanities for 2012.
She specializes in the language, literature and culture of ancient Greece, in particular the poetry of Homer, and her numerous publications include The Birth of Literary Fiction in Ancient Greece (1998) and Greeks and Pre-Greeks: Aegean Prehistory and Greek Heroic Tradition (2005).