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As opposed to the section devoted to Zola, rather than asking what impact Herzl had on the case, our question here is what impact the Affair had on him. As Paris correspondent for the Viennese Neue Freie Presse, Herzl was present at the degradation ceremony and the trial. The shouts of the onlookers gathering outside the military school gates; the antisemitic demonstrations springing up throughout the country; the incendiary words of La Libre Parole inciting action against the Jews: all this left a mark on Herzl.
While it is not certain that the Affair was the main reason for his writing "Der Judenstaat", these events must have undoubtedly strengthened his belief that Jews needed a state of their own.