The Library began to acquire newspapers and periodicals in Arabic, Persian and Turkish in the early twentieth century. The active collection comprises some 200 publications, most of which are devoted to politics, society and culture, but which also cover such fields as Islamic and Middle Eastern history, language and literature, art, gender, economics, law, agriculture and archeology.
All newspapers and journals published in Israel are collected under the terms of the Books Law. Most of the acquired publications are from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and the Palestinian Authority, although the Library also acquires journals published in Iran, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Morocco, the USA and the UK. The oldest periodical in the Library, established in 1921, is a Damascus-based publication that continues to cover issues relating to Arabic language and literature.