Maimonides' commentary on the Aphorisms of Hippocrates. Hebrew translation by Moses Ben Samuel ben Judah ibn Tibbon, and an anonymous commentary on the Canon of Avicenna.
Manuscript on paper. Spain, ca. 1400. 147 fols., 207x142mm. Sefardi semi-cursive script; headings in thick characters in black, red, purple and dark green.
The Aphorisms give concise, exact descriptions of the clinical characteristics of various maladies. Maimonides' commentary on these aphorisms that reflects his own conception of medicine and its philosophy. Maimonides was among the greatest physicians of the Middle Ages. He earned his living thus during his years in Cairo, becoming physician to the King's second-in-command and to the son of Saladin. He also provided medical services to the many people who would come knocking at his door.
The Canon of Avicenna is an encyclopedic work that had significant influence on the science of medicine. Many scholars have translated and interpreted the writings of Avicenna, also known as ibn Sina. The commentary in this manuscript was probably composed a short while before the manuscript was copied, since the text of Avicenna is that of the Hebrew translation of Joseph haLorki, who died before 1408.
The manuscript was part of the collection of R. Haim Bechor haLevi (who died in Constantinople in 1808). R Haim Bechor haLevi was an astrologer and personal physician to the mother of Sultan Abdelaziz.