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R. Elazar Azkari

The Piyut Site

16/11/2015

תקציר המאמר

A kabalist, darshan, writer and poet who lived in Tzfat in the 16th century. R. Elazar was a disciple of the Kabalist R. Yosef Sagis.
In Tzfat R Elazar Azkari founded a chavura (a holy fellowship) called ‘Sukkat Shalom’, the purpose of this fellowship was to bring the people of Israel back to religious practice (Hazara B’tshuva). To further this cause he wrote the well know book ‘Sefer Haredim’. In this book the Mitzvot are categorized in accordance with the body limbs that fulfill them

לתקציר המלא

A kabalist, darshan, writer and poet who lived in Tzfat in the 16th century. R. Elazar was a disciple of the Kabalist R. Yosef Sagis.

In Tzfat R Elazar Azkari founded a chavura (a holy fellowship) called ‘Sukkat Shalom’, the purpose of this fellowship was to bring the people of Israel back to religious practice (Hazara B’tshuva). To further this cause he wrote the well know book ‘Sefer Haredim’. In this book the Mitzvot are categorized in accordance with the body limbs that fulfill them. In this work he expresses deep love for the land of Israel and the People of Israel.

R. Elazar also wrote a commentary on tractate Brachot of the Yerushalmi Talmud and a kabalistic commentary on the book of Lamentations. He also left behind a diary filled with mysticism.

R. Elazar wrote the profound poem ‘Yedid Nefesh, a piyut that expresses a deep yearning for the closeness of the Shechina.

In the Nusach Sfard the piyut precedes the morning blessings. Likewise, among many of the ethnic traditions it is customary for the piyut to be sung in the Kabbalat Shabbat prayers, at the Shabbat third meal, and during the Hakafot on Simchat Torah.