Marc Lavry

 Lavry, Marc ,1903-1967

Marc Lavry Marc Lavry born 22 December 1903 in Riga, Latvia, died 24 March 1967, Haifa, Israel.

Israeli composer and conductor. Lavry studied in Riga and Leipzig (Germany) at the Conservatories there, and privately with the conductor Hermann Scherchen and the composer Alexander Glazunov. After working as an opera conductor in Saarbrücken, Germany, he became the musical director and conductor of Rudolf von Laban's Dance Theatre in Berlin. He went on to conduct the Berliner SO (1929–32) and the Riga Opera (1932–4). In 1935, with the ascent of Nazism, he emigrated to Palestine. Between 1941 and 1947 he conducted the Palestine Folk Opera and the Palestine Symphony Orchestra (later The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra), and from 1950 to 1958 he was director of Kol Zion LaGola, the Israeli Radio Broadcast for the Diaspora. In 1962 he settled in Haifa, where he continued his musical activities under the sponsorship of the municipality. Lavry's many compositions – orchestral and chamber music, operas, oratorios, popular songs and music for theatre productions - were influenced by his new surroundings. His style became identified with Israeli music during the 1940's. His symphonic poem Emek (Valley, 1937), based on one of his most popular songs to a poem by Raphael Eliaz, is considered the first symphonic horra. His opera Dan ha'shomer (Dan the guard, 1945), libretto by Max Brod after a play by Sh.Shalom, is the first opera to be composed and produced in Israel.


Among other works of Lavry:

 ·  Two symphonies - Warsaw Ghetto (1945) and Tachach(1951)
 ·  Piano concerto no.1 (1945) and no. 2 (1947) 
 
·  Shir ha-Shirim (Song of Songs,arranged by Max Brod), oratorio (1940)
 
·  Avodat ha-Kodesh (A Sabbath Sacred Service), oratorio (1954)
 
· The songs Ze'ad Shimshon (March, Samson), to a poem of Avigdor
    Hammeiri, for unaccompanied
choir (1948)
 
·  Kinneret, to a poem of Avigdor hammeiri, for choir and orchestra (1949)
 ·  Song (Zemer), to a poem of Avraham Shlonsky, for voice and piano (1949),
    Kittatenu ba-Laylah
Zo'edet (Our Platoon Marches in the Night)
    to a poem of Avraham Broides, for voice and piano
(1956).

References:
 
·  Yehuda Cohen, The Heirs of The Psalmist, Israel's New Music,
    Am Oved Publishers Ltd, Tel Avi
v 1990 (in Hebrew)
 
·  Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol.12. 2nd ed. U.S.A, 2007
 
·  Grove Music Online, Oxford University Press, 2007-2008

 

Archive Details

Creator

Lavry, Marc ,1903-1967

Title

Marc Lavry

Call No.

MUS 118

Repository

Music Center

Extent

6.5 meters

Languages

Hebrew, English, German, French, Russian

Source of Acquisition

Donated by the composer's daughter Efrat Lavry-Zaklad and brother and sister in 1999

Processing history

Catalogued by Claude Abravanel

Shelf No.

Music Center Archives

Scopeiandicontent

Life and Work of the Composer

Organiztioniofithe Collection

Section

Units

Content

Part I (Manuscripts):

A

79

Original Compositions

B

141

Israeli & Traditional Songs (Arrangements)

C

44

Festivals Songs (Arrangements)

D

20

Oriental & Sepharadic Songs (Arrangements)

E

39

East European Jewish Songs (Arrangements)

F

38

Hebrew Art Music (Arrangements)

G

55

Works by other Composers (Arrangements)

H

7

Unidentified Fragments

I

18

Sketches

J

31

Manuscripts by other Composers

Part II:

K

1002

Letters

L

77

Programmes

M

494

Newspaper Clippings

N

15

Documents

Conditionsigoverning access:

In Music Center

Conditionsigoverning

reproductioniand copyrightistatus:

 

Authorized by the Music Center

Preferredicitation:

MUS 118, Music Center, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem

NLI_ImageGallery
NliImageGallery
  • Marc Lavry, the 1930's (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / N disk)
  • Marc Lavry (on the right) with conductor Bernardino Molinari, mid 1940's (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / N disk)
  • Marc Lavry conducting the Be'er-Sheva Popular Symphony Orchestra, 1948 (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / N disk)
  • Marc Lavry (on the left) with composer and conductor Leonard Bernstein (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / N disk)
  • Marc Lavry and David Ben-Gurion after conducting the "Negev" Symphony Poem, mid 1950's (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / N disk)
  • Marc Lavry after conducting the oratorio "Avodat ha-Kodesh" ("A Sabbath Sacred Service") at Emanuel Temple, San Francisco, 1955 (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / N disk)
  • Marc Lavry, the 1960's (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / N disk)
  • "Shir Ha-Emek" ("Song of the Valley"), music manuscript for voice and piano, op.40, text by Rafael Eliaz, 1936, first page (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / A158)
  • "Dan ha-Shomer" ("Dan the Guard"), opera in 3 acts, op. 158, after a play by Sh.Shalom, text by Max Brod, music manuscript, 1941-42, overture first page (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / A121)
  • A journalist card of "Theater und Leben" newspaper, 31.12.1932 (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / N)
  • A programme of the Palestine Orchestra's concert with the singer Bracha Zphira, and conducted by Marc Lavry, 10.8.1939, (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / L26)
  • A programme (in Hebrew) of a concert of compositions by Marc Lavry and others, with the dancer Devora Bartonoff, Tel-Aviv, 1940 (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / L34)
  • A programme of a concert of the Palestine Orchestra marking the jubilee performance of the Symphonic Poem "Ha-Emek" by Marc Lavry, with the composer as the conductor, 21.5.1944 (Catalogue no. MUS 118 / L39)