During the course of the 18th century, an additional type of decoration connected to Jerusalem began to appear among the Jews of Italy: Pictures of Jerusalem inside a decorated rectangular frame, the most prominent component of which is a colorful octagonal building at the center of the picture. This building represents the Temple on the Temple Mount. The building is situated between other buildings, with a stone wall in front of them. In the background there are a series of mountains bearing the phrase: "As the mountains are round about Jerusalem" (Psalms 125: 2). The fact that the shape of the building is surprisingly reminiscent of the Dome of the Rock, which was built by the Muslims in Jerusalem (691 C.E.) is not at a coincidence. It was the Crusaders that first gave the Dome of the Rock the name, Domini Templum (the Temple of the Lord), and this is how it appears on maps of Jerusalem and other artistic artifacts that were created in their capital city in the Holy Land. When they returned to Europe, the Crusaders brought this image of the Temple with them and tens of artistic creations are based on this stereotypical image of the Temple. This image jumped from Christian art to the folk art of the Jews of Italy as early as the 15th century and was accepted as the most widespread image of the Temple during the 17th and 18th centuries.
In truth, this false attribution continues until today, even in Jerusalem itself- possibly due to nostalgia for the art of previous generations. In this ketubah, once again the Sanctuary vessels and the zodiac appear- just as in the ketubah from Venice, 1732 (271).