Megillat Antiochus (Scroll of Antiochus) is a historiographical Midrash, also known by the names “Megillat Hannukah”, “Megillat HaHashmonaim”, or “Megilla Yevanit”. Several changes can be found in the Megilla to the story of the Hashmonaim that appears in the books of Joseph ben Matityahu and the Books of Maccabees.
Rabbi Saadiah Gaon, who translated the text from Aramaic to Hebrew, ascribes it to the Maccabbees, though Rabbi Simeon Kayyara writes:
“The elders of the House of Shammai and the House of Hillel wrote the Megillat HaHashmonaim, and to this day it has not risen through the generations, nor has it been included in the canon of scripture.”
A number of congregations made it a custom to read the scroll on Hanukkah, and it can be found in a number of Mahzorim and Siddurim. The National Library holds some 100 versions of the scroll in Hebrew, Aramaic, and several more translations.
For the Megilla on the Da'at website, click here
. (In Hebrew)